The fear of the spread of the autocratic governments and communism after world war ii

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The fear of the spread of the autocratic governments and communism after world war ii

After the need to unite to defeat Germany and Japan had disappeared, the differences between the capitalist West and communist East came to the fore once more.

Britain and America wanted to transform the defeated Nazi Germany into a capitalist democracy that they could trade with, and establish stable, democratic governments in the Eastern European countries. The Soviet Union, on the other hand, wanted to destroy Germany, the way Germany had tried to destroy it.

The Germans knew that once they lost the War, the USSR would come looking for revenge - many of their soldiers tried to surrender to the Americans, rather than the Russians, because they knew the dangers they would face as fascist prisoners under a communist regime. As well as wanting to crush Germany, the Soviet Union wanted to create more communist countries on its western border so it would never again be vulnerable to attack and invasion from the west.

The Yalta Conference took place in February when Germany still had not been defeated. The three leaders - Franklin D. See image 3 Russia was still keen to establish a buffer zone on its western border and wanted a communist government in Poland - the USA and Britain did not.

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By the Potsdam Conference in July, the political landscape had changed dramatically. One almost immediate reaction to the horrors that right-wing Nazism and fascism had unleashed in Europe, was a new left-wing shift in European politics. In some of the countries that had suffered under Nazi occupation, communism was seen as the best safeguard against the possibility of a revival of fascism in the future.

Eastern Europe did not have a good track record when it came to stable democratic governments and the economic and political circumstances in the post-war years were fertile ground for communist leaders and policies.

Apart from the fact that many of the Eastern European countries were liberated from Nazi Germany by the Russians, who then stayed, countries like Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary were in extreme financial hardship and communist policies would definitely have been attractive to them.

Many historians believe that Stalin was openly planning the takeover of Eastern Europe. Others believe that he merely took advantage of the situation after the War was over.

The fear of the spread of the autocratic governments and communism after world war ii

Either way, Eastern Europe fell country by country. Firstly, it fell into communist control and then into the hands of the USSR and central government from Moscow. American policy In two pieces of American policy became key to how Europe would look in the future.

When the British announced they could no longer maintain their commitment to fighting Soviet-backed communists in Greece, America stepped in.

This policy of containment became known as the Truman Doctrine. It can be said, therefore, that through the policies of the Truman Doctrine, America was paving the way to its involvement in the wars in Korea and Vietnam. Then, in June, the Marshall Plan was conceived.

General George Marshall visited Europe and saw how poverty there was leaving an open door for communists to recruit supporters. At first, Congress was unwilling to act, but when communists seized power in Czechoslovakia in the Marshall Plan was put into action. The Soviet Union also provided economic and agricultural aid to Eastern Europe as part of its plan to influence those countries towards the benefits of communism.

The Marshall Plan was a part of the Truman Doctrine - it was intended to stem the tide of communist expansion in Europe, but it really only made a difference in Western Europe. Eastern European countries were, by this stage, so completely under the influence of Stalin that they were actually forbidden by him to take Marshall Plan money.

Eastern Europe falls to communism In Albania and Bulgaria both became communist. East Germany also became a Soviet zone, but did not have its own communist government until when it became the German Democratic Republic.

Romania, Poland and Hungary all fell to communist rule in and Czechoslovakia in Although, theoretically, these countries were now under central rule from Moscow, they were independent nation states with their own governments.

By the face of Europe, especially in the East, had changed.

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It would remain this way until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in In Stalin went so far as to disavow the war-time alliance between the Soviet Union and America. He also said that the US was now a bigger threat to world peace than Nazi Germany had been.Communism after Background, The Spread of Communism after World War II, Australia after , SOSE: History, Year 9, TAS See image 1 The end of World War II At the end of the Second World War the working relationship that the USA, Britain, and Russia had maintained was coming to an end.

After the need to unite to defeat . Communism spread through underground movements throughout Europe. Communism can still be found today in countries such as China, Cuba, Laos, North Korea and Vietnam.

After the war, as well as wanting to crush Germany, the Soviet Union wanted to create more communist countries on its western border so it would never again be . Please help will fan and medal Which form of government did the United States encourage after World War II? After World War II, the United States encouraged other nations to adopt_____?

governments/5(15). After World War II though the Socialist Revolution took on a new role, a role that it was not initially intended for by Marx and the early Communists.

The spread of "Communism" after World War II was mostly an anti-imperialist reactionary movement.

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And they were tired of change and social unrest after the bloody world war. A number of these Americans in different cities began to take . "Communism" derives from the French communisme which developed out of the Latin roots communis and the suffix isme – and was in use as a word designating various social situations before it came to be associated with more modern conceptions of an economic and political organization.

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