Rousseau left the city at the age of sixteen and came under the influence of a Roman Catholic convert noblewoman, Francoise-Louise de la Tour, Baronne de Warens. Rousseau spent some time working as a domestic servant in a noble household in Turin, and during this time a shameful episode occurred in which he falsely accused a fellow servant of the theft of a ribbon. This act marked him deeply and he returns to it in his autobiographical works. Rousseau then spent a brief period training to become a Catholic priest before embarking on another brief career as an itinerant musician, music copyist and teacher.
Swiss-born French essayist, autobiographer, novelist, dramatist, and poet. Rousseau was a French philosopher and political theorist who is recognized as one of the greatest thinkers of the French Enlightenment.
A prolific writer on many subjects, he has been variously cited as the intellectual father of the French Revolution, founder of the Romantic movement in literature, and engenderer of many modern pedagogical movements. Rousseau The Confessions of J.
Biographical Information Rousseau was born in to Isaac Rousseau, a Genevese watchmaker, and Suzanne Bernard, the daughter of an upper-middle-class Genevese family. Having endured three miserable years of apprenticeship, Rousseau fled Geneva inand advised by a Roman Catholic Priest, went to the town of Annecy.
There, Rousseau met year old Mme. Under her protection, Rousseau was sent to a hospice in Turin, where he converted to Catholicism, and thereby forfeitted his Genevese citizenship.
Rousseau returned to Annecy the following spring intending to enter the priesthood, but instead he taught music to girls from the wealthiest families in the neighborhood.
Inafter an unsuccessful search for employment in Paris, he once again returned to Mme.
He became her lover and stayed with her until During that time he studied music, read philosophy, science, and literature, and began to compose and write.
Inwith the publication of his Dissertation de la musique moderne, together with the compositions of an opera and a comedy, Rousseau was appointed private secretary to the French ambassador in Venice; he lost the position the following year.
In his winning essay, the Discourse upon the Sciences and the Arts, Rousseau argued that culture had ruined morality. The essay brought him immediate fame and provoked a number of literary disputes.
In he briefly returned to Geneva to re-embrace Calvinism and recover his citizenship. He then returned to France and settled at the "Hermitage," a house at Montmorency, offered to him by Mme.
He went back to Geneva, only to find that there, too, his works were banned and he was banished. Inand under considerable mental distress, Rousseau fled to England and was offered refuge by David Hume.
Rousseau soon grew paranoid and suspected Hume of collusion with his perceived enemies. Paranoid and panicked, Rousseau returned to France in under an assumed name: In he returned to Paris and re sumed hisreal identity unmolested.
Determined to de-fend himself against the "conspirators," Rousseau publicly read excerpts from his Confessions. He was forced to stop the readings when Mme. Rousseau continued to write until his death on July 2, Major Works From to Rousseau worked on a large project that was to be called Institutions politiques.
Though he never finished the project as such, several essays within the Institutions were among his most famous. The first of these was his follow-up to the First Discourse, the Discourse on the Origins of Inequality.
This Second Discourse, a second essay for the Dijon Academy, was essentially a diatribe against despotism and private property.
He sought to expose and denounce artificially instituted social inequality by describing a hypothetical state of natural man. He believed that human beings are essentially good and potentially perfect. Human faults arise from the corrupting influences of conventional society—inequality, despotism, and privately-owned property—which, he claimed, progressively restrict freedom and lessen moral virtue.
In order to restore humanity to its natural goodness, Rousseau called for a return to nature so far as is possible, but he also stressed that individual freedom can be reconciled with political unity.
Much of his subsequent political writing, notably The Social Contract, was an attempt to resolve the problem of freedom by reconciling the ideal freedom in the state of nature with the freedom possible in a civil society.
Beginning with the famous phrase, "Man is born free and everywhere in chains," The Social Contract outlined the social order that would enable human beings to be natural and free—acknowledging no other bondage save that of natural necessity.
While much of his writing was abstract and theoretical, Rousseau was keenly aware of current political events, especially in his native Geneva.
Despite his twenty-year loss of citizenship and persecution by the Genevan authorities, Rousseau always considered himself a Genevan. Rousseau himself maintained in his Confessions, however, that his oeuvre was consistent and coherent, and that any apparent inconsistencies were superficial.
Rousseau continued and continues to be read as providing a foundation for a range of political ideologies, including modern democracy, socialist collectivism, totalitarianism, and individualist anarchy.Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Influences on the Honors Residential College Words | 3 Pages.
live in peace with fellow neighbors.
It is the HRC covenant, the Guide to Community Living, and the prayers of Taizé give meaning to the community known as the Honors Residential College (HRC).
Jun 01, · Rousseau believed that a sovereign should rule the people, yet the State should be directed by the general will of the people and if some did not wish to go along with the rest they should be forced to do so by everyone else and "be forced to be free.".
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Rousseaus principal aim in writing The Social Contract is to determine how freedom may be possible in civil society. In the state of nature we enjoy the physical freedom of having no restraints on our behavior.
This type of freedom is vitally important in explaining why Rousseau is not being contradictory in his statement. (4) Conclusion on the Claim Rousseau argues that if a citizen ‘refuses to obey the general will [they] shall be constrained to do so by the entire body’, in other words they ‘shall be forced to be free’.
Rousseau's political thought was primarily influenced by two groups. First, there is the voluntarist tradition of Hobbes, Pufendorf, and Grotius, who support absolute leslutinsduphoenix.com argue that only by entering into society and swearing absolute allegiance to a king can people escape the depravity and brutality of .
Philosophy Evaluation of Rousseau's declare that having to obey the overall will means "having to be free" Jean-Jacques Rousseau (, Geneva- , Kingdom of France) is most likely one of many thinkers and philosophers, who have influenced people's habit and their brains.