It was then further edited and adopted by the Committee of the Whole of the Second Continental Congress on July 4, Jefferson's "original Rough draught" is on exhibit in the Library of Congress. The Committee of Five edited Jefferson's draft. Their version survived further edits by the whole Congress intact, and reads:
The Tragedy of the Commons Science 13, December At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, J. It is our considered professional judgment that this dilemma has no technical solution.
If the great powers continue to look for solutions in the area of science and technology only, the result will be to worsen the situation. An implicit and almost universal assumption of discussions published in professional and semipopular scientific journals is that the problem under discussion has a technical solution.
A technical solution may be defined as one that requires a change only in the techniques of the natural sciences, demanding little or nothing in the way of change in human values or ideas of morality. In our day though not in earlier times technical solutions are always welcome.
Because of previous failures in prophecy, it takes courage to assert that a desired technical solution is not possible. Wiesner and York exhibited this courage; publishing in a science journal, they insisted that the solution to the problem was not to be found in the natural sciences.
They cautiously qualified their statement with the phrase, "It is our considered professional judgment Rather, the concern here is with the important concept of a class of human problems which can be called "no technical solution problems," and more specifically, with the identification and discussion of one of these.
It is easy to show that the class is not a null class. Recall the game of tick-tack-toe. Consider the problem, "How can I win the game of tick-tack-toe? Put another way, there is no "technical solution" to the problem. I can win only by giving a radical meaning to the word "win. Every way in which I "win" involves, in some sense, an abandonment of the game, as we intuitively understand it.
I can also, of course, openly abandon the game -- refuse to play it. This is what most adults do. The class of "no technical solution problems" has members. My thesis is that the "population problem," as conventionally conceived, is a member of this class.
How it is conventionally conceived needs some comment. It is fair to say that most people who anguish over the population problem are trying to find a way to avoid the evils of overpopulation without relinquishing any of the privileges they now enjoy.
They think that farming the seas or developing new strains of wheat will solve the problem -- technologically. I try to show here that the solution they seek cannot be found. The population problem cannot be solved in a technical way, any more than can the problem of winning the game of tick-tack-toe.
What Shall We Maximize? Population, as Malthus said, naturally tends to grow "geometrically," or, as we would now say, exponentially.The Meaning of Life The meaning of life, defined by Victor E. Frankl, is the will to find your meaning in life. It is not It is not Words | 2 Pages/5(1).
To ‘find meaning in life’ is a better way of approaching the issue, ie, whilst there is no single meaning of life, every person can live their life in a way which brings them as much fulfilment and contentment as possible.
The Verb Recognize a verb when you see one. Verbs are a necessary component of all leslutinsduphoenix.com have two important functions: Some verbs put stalled subjects into motion while other verbs help to clarify the subjects in meaningful ways.
Philosophers ponder the meaning of life.
At least, that is the stereotype. When I risk admitting to a stranger that I teach philosophy for a living and face the question ‘What is the meaning of life?’, I have a ready response: we figured that out in the s, but we have to keep it secret or we’d be out of a job; I could tell you, but then I’d have to kill you.
Nov 19, · For some, life without meaning is equivalent to death, that is if life has no meaning, why bother living when eventually, you know you are going to die? Over the years, philosophers have been preoccupied with finding an answer to the meaning of life. I shall focus on three major philosophical views in my essay – Theism, Nihilism and .
As he saw in the camps, those who found meaning even in the most horrendous circumstances were far more resilient to suffering than those who did not.