The organizers wanted to attract attention to American designers.
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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. On a Saturday afternoon, a group of teenage girls leaf through glossy fashion magazines at a New Jersey outlet mall. Far away in Tanzania, a young man proudly wears a T-shirt imprinted with the logo of an American basketball team while shopping at the local mitumba market for pants that will fit his slender figure.
Although seemingly disparate, these two scenes are connected through the surprising life cycle of clothing. How does a T-shirt originally sold in a U. Globalization, consumerism, and recycling all converge to connect these scenes.
Globalization has made it possible to produce clothing at increasingly lower prices, prices so low that many consumers consider this clothing to be disposable. Fast fashion provides the marketplace with affordable apparel aimed mostly at young women.
They have to have the latest thing, always. And since it is cheap, you buy more of it. Disposable couture appears in shopping mall after shopping mall in America and Europe at prices that make the purchase tempting and the disposal painless.
Yet fast fashion leaves a pollution footprint, with each step of the clothing life cycle generating potential environmental and occupational hazards. For example, polyester, the most widely used manufactured fiber, is made from petroleum.
With the rise in production in the fashion industry, demand for man-made fibers, especially polyester, has nearly doubled in the last 15 years, according to figures from the Technical Textile Markets.
The manufacture of polyester and other synthetic fabrics is an energy-intensive process requiring large amounts of crude oil and releasing emissions including volatile organic compounds, particulate matter, and acid gases such as hydrogen chloride, all of which can cause or aggravate respiratory disease.
Volatile monomers, solvents, and other by-products of polyester production are emitted in the wastewater from polyester manufacturing plants. The EPA, under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, considers many textile manufacturing facilities to be hazardous waste generators.
Issues of environmental health and safety do not apply only to the production of man-made fabrics. Cotton, one of the most popular and versatile fibers used in clothing manufacture, also has a significant environmental footprint.
This crop accounts for a quarter of all the pesticides used in the United States, the largest exporter of cotton in the world, according to the USDA.
The high production of cotton at subsidized low prices is one of the first spokes in the wheel that drives the globalization of fashion. In her book The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy, Pietra Rivoli, a professor of international business at the McDonough School of Business of Georgetown University, writes that each year Americans purchase approximately 1 billion garments made in China, the equivalent of four pieces of clothing for every U.
According to figures from the U.
National Labor Committee, some Chinese workers make as little as 12—18 cents per hour working in poor conditions. Increasingly, clothing being imported to the United States comes from countries as diverse as Honduras and Bangladesh.
But this figure is rapidly growing. Before then, and especially during World War I, most clothing was repaired, mended, or tailored to fit other family members, or recycled within the home as rags or quilts. During the war, clothing manufacturers reduced the varieties, sizes, and colors of their productions and even urged designers to create styles that would use less fabric and avoid needless decoration.
However, the spirit of conservation did not last long; by the mids consumerism was back in style.The proliferation of fashion weeks around the world is only one aspect of the globalization of fashion. The fashion industry faces many of the same challenges as other industries, such as outsourcing, intellectual property and piracy, environmental challenges, and the loss of local styles/goods.
THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF THE FASHION INDUSTRY Updated September As the economy continues to grow and evolve, one of the many bright spots .
The Impact of Globalization within the Fashion Industry Arteria Ware ENGL Freshman Composition II Alternatively the progress of the fashion industry through globalization can be defined by the political, economical, social, technological and cultural relations between countries.
Apart from that, there is hardly any data available on emissions and pollution generated by the global fashion industry. This might be due to a long and complex global supply chain, which mainly consists of cotton farming, fibers manufacturing, dyeing, printing and bleaching.
Transcript of Globalization and its impact on the fashion industry photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Globalization and its impact on the fashion industry. Throughout history, the fashion industry has played a significant role in popular culture for people all over the world, who are different ages, races, shapes, and sizes.