Assign each group of students one of the following scenarios to read and discuss.
Since the article was published several people have asked what the next step is. That is, after the organisation has thrashed out a good Vision and Mission statement, and has decided what the key values are that give meaning to its purpose, how does it train its staff to resolve ethical dilemmas?
This article therefore attempts to outline a simple and effective strategy for resolving ethical dilemmas in the workplace. What is an ethical decision? Ethical problems involve considering a range of actions and their corresponding consequences.
The thing that makes ethical problems difficult to deal with is that they involve making value judgements, which by their nature are rarely clear cut. In coming to a decision about an ethical dilemma you are required to make a decision which will uphold the values that you feel are most important.
However, in making that decision what often occurs is that some values may be violated.
The best solution to an ethical problem therefore will involve upholding the most important values to the greatest extent possible whilst violating the least number possible. For example, after joining a new company you discover that other, more senior employees, are overstating their mileage claims to increase their pay packages.
What do you do? In coming to a decision you must consider: Not all of these values can be upheld, one or more must be violated in order to reach a decision. Most importantly therefore, an ethical decision must be one that you are willing to stake your reputation on.
It must be a decision that you can both justify and recommend. It must be a decision that you think is right on the basis of ethical principles you try to follow and that you believe others should also follow.
Often this means employees learn by their mistakes and consequently may defer tricky decisions to management. This not only inhibits productivity but also leaves employees feeling unsure about what the organisation stands for. However, if an organisation has gone through the process of clearly stating the values that give meaning to its Vision and Mission i.
This is important because it empowers staff to make down the line decisions which are in line with overall organisational thinking. It also presents a uniform front to the customer which is particularly important if there are many people in the organisation who deal with the external environment.
It should also be done in a uniform, clear and relevant way. It is based on assessing the principles and values relevant to a particular problem and results in a decision which is believable and defendable. The BELIEVE IT strategy is not dependent on whether you have a utilitarian, universalist or religious approach, it concentrates on the situation at hand and is aimed at reaching an outcome.
Faced with an ethical dilemma, the following steps can be taken: Background State the background of the case including context, its origin and any other important details. What is the history of the problem? Is there any missing information which you need to solve the problem?
Estimate Make an initial estimation of the ethical dilemma present, that is, what the core issues are. What is the main ethical conflict? List List the possible solutions to the problem. Impact Consider the likely impacts of each of the initial solutions.
What are the outcomes of each solution? Who will they affect? How will each solution harm or help people? Eliminate Eliminate the totally unacceptable solutions eg significant harm to people. Values With the remaining possible solutions, assess which values are upheld and violated by each solution.
What are the significant values and principles which are upheld or violated by each solution? What are the stated organisational values? Evaluate Evaluate the solutions considering the likely impacts and the values which will be upheld or violated.Jul 01, · Health care professionals continually face ethical and legal issues in the workplace, putting them at risk for burnout.
Efforts to lasso health care costs puts increasing pressure on . chapter 3 Legal, Ethical, and Professional Issues in Information Security In civilized life, law floats in a sea of ethics.
EARL WARREN, CHIEF JUSTICE OF. Social and ethical issues in computer science social: issues about computers in society — social, political and legal ethical: making decisions about “what is. 3 Drug and Alcohol Testing in the Workplace.
They were published as an annex to the ILO Code of Practice on the management of alcohol- and drug-related issues in the workplace. Ethical issues are difficult, but understanding the law and creating -- and implementing -- an ethics guide can help avoid issues.
Ethical Checklist: Circle the appropriate answer on the scale; "1" = not at all; "5" = totally yes: 1. Relevant Information Test. Have I/we obtained as much information as possible to make an informed decision and action plan for this situation?