To construct a general understanding of morality Learning Outcomes As a result of participation in this activity students will be able to reflect on situations that require making choices based on morality Introduction "Morality involves the human ability to make choices among values and to make decisions about what is right and wrong.
The research aims of any study should both benefit society and minimise social harm The general principle It is the responsibility of both the commissioner of research and the researchers who conduct the work, jointly, to develop a set of research aims and objectives which benefit society and minimise social harm.
This means that any benefits derived from the research should outweigh any harm caused. Dilemmas that may need to be addressed How should it be assessed whether the need for the research outweighs any potential harm it might cause?
How can the interests of the range of different stakeholders be balanced?
How can the interests of other stakeholders groups, who may not be directly involved in the research project, be protected? Who decides what constitutes harm and benefits? How can the different understanding of what these are for different groups be reconciled?
Is conducting research purely for the pursuit of knowledge ethically justifiable? Researchers should endeavour to balance professional integrity with respect for national and international law The general principle Socio-economic research is a profession whose members have technical and substantive expertise and who work to ethical standards.
However, when conducting research, researchers must in general not contravene national and international laws. In circumstances where this does happen, this should be a result of conscious deliberation and decision, rather than due to ignorance.
Dilemmas that may need to be addressed Is contravening the law ever acceptable? Which laws apply to Internet research? Researchers should endeavour to ensure that research is commissioned and conducted with respect for, and awareness of, gender differences The general principle In designing and conducting a study, and in putting together a research team, researchers must pay attention to, and respect, gender differences.
Whether or not there is equality legislation in a country, attention must be paid to the way people are treated, the use of gendered language, issues of inclusion in research, and the different impact of various methodologies on women and men.
Dilemmas that may need to be addressed Do particular research methodologies discriminate against women or men?
Are there practical mechanisms for ensuring that gendered language and concepts are not included in any aspect of the research design, conduct or reporting?
How can it be ensured that members of research teams are treated in relation to their contribution and expertise, rather than due to their gender or seniority? Researchers should endeavour to ensure that research is commissioned and conducted with respect for all groups in society, regardless of race, ethnicity, religion and culture The general principle In designing and conducting a study, and in putting together a research team, researchers and commissioners should pay attention to, and respect, all groups, regardless of their race, ethnicity, religion or culture.
Whether or not there is equality legislation in a country, attention should be paid to the way people are treated, the use of language, issues of inclusion in research and the impact of various methodologies on different groups. Dilemmas that may need to be addressed Do particular research methodologies discriminate against people from different racial, ethnic, religious and cultural backgrounds?
By what means can it be ensured that different groups are properly represented in research studies, and if not, that this is due to considered rationale rather than omission or accident? How can it be ensured that racist or xenophobic language and concepts are not included in any aspect of the research design, conduct or reporting?
How can it be ensured that members of research teams are treated in relation to their contribution and expertise, rather than because of their nationality, skin colour, religion, culture or ethnicity? Researchers should endeavour to ensure that research is commissioned and conducted with respect for under-represented social groups and that attempts are made to avoid their marginalisation or exclusion The general principle All research studies must take into account the treatment of under-represented social groups by ensuring that they are appropriately treated in all aspects, from research design to reporting the findings.
It is important that these groups are not excluded from research, but also that research findings do not lead to their further marginalisation. Equally, it is important that vulnerable or marginalised groups are not over-researched so that participating becomes a burden for them.
Dilemmas that may need to be addressed How is it possible to ensure that these groups are adequately represented in large-scale studies?
How is it possible to ensure that any singling out of these groups is not to their disadvantage? To what extent can it be guaranteed that findings from research studies are not used to further marginalise and stigmatise these groups? Researchers should endeavour to ensure that the concerns of relevant stakeholders and user groups are addressed The general principle Researchers need to take into account the needs and concerns of stakeholders and user groups with an interest in the research, from the beginning of a project.
This will ensure that different groups are properly involved and not just brought in at the final stage when it is too late to make an input. Dilemmas that may need to be addressed When interests conflict, how should this be resolved and which should be given priority?
How should situations be dealt with when treating one group ethically is to the disadvantage of another?Give guidance on the code of ethics, articulate in an inclusive, respectful way as we are in partnerships with families.
Ethical Principles Autonomy, Benefit and Justice, I believe these principles relate to this ethical dilemma but I'm unsure on how to put it into words. The Moral Imagination in Pre-service Teachers’ enhance pre-service teachers’ ethical reasoning.
This research aims situated in early childhood teacher education, offer the Ethical Response Cycle, which is a reflective cycle that enables pre-service teachers to work through legal and professional considerations, basic ethical. Ethical considerations related to participation and partnership: an investigation of stakeholders’ perceptions of an action-research project on user fee removal for the poorest in Burkina Faso Matthew R Hunt, 1, 2 Patrick Gogognon, 3 and Valéry Ridde 3, 4.
Differential Response in Child Protective Services; Ethical Casework Practice Exploring the Complexities of Child Neglect: Ethical Issues of Child Welfare Practice (PDF - KB) Hamilton & Bundy-Fazioli () Journal of .
Ethical Dilemma The Ethical Response Cycle About Child Participation. Ethical dilemma 2 Abstract Ethical dilemmas are prevalent in all areas of life. In each helping profession, ethical guidelines and codes require that professionals act morally and in the best interest of the client.
As a prospective counseling psychologist, I would need keen judgment to . ETHICAL DILEMMAS EXPERIENCED BY YOUTH WORKERS: IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT Kate Walker & Tamara Ginger Weiss Rhodes, Center for Youth Development University of Minnesota Extension is an equal opportunity educator and employer.
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