An introduction to the life and political history of louis xiv a french king

This action abolished the regency council and made Anne sole Regent of France. Anne wanted to give her son an absolute authority and a victorious kingdom. Her rationales for choosing Mazarin were mainly his ability and his total dependence on her, at least until when she was no longer regent.

An introduction to the life and political history of louis xiv a french king

Early life and marriage

See Article History Alternative Titles: Because his parents and his only surviving brother had all died inhe became king at the age of five on the death of Louis XIV September 1, Although he proclaimed that he would henceforth rule without a chief minister, he was too indolent and lacking in self-confidence to coordinate the activities of his secretaries of state and give firm direction to national policy.

While his government degenerated into factions of scheming ministers and courtiers, Louis isolated himself at court and occupied himself with a succession of mistresses, several of whom exercised considerable political influence. Louis was not, however, a totally passive monarch.

An introduction to the life and political history of louis xiv a french king

His desire to determine the course of international affairs through intrigue caused him to set up, aboutan elaborate system of secret diplomacy known as le Secret du roi. Secret French agents were stationed in major European capitals and ordered by the king to pursue political objectives that were frequently opposed to his publicly announced policies.

At first Louis employed his secret diplomacy in an unsuccessful attempt to win the elective Polish crown for a French candidate a goal he officially renounced. Soon he expanded the network of agents, intending to form an anti-Austrian alliance with Sweden, PrussiaTurkey, and Poland.

In the king, prompted by Madame de Pompadour, temporarily abandoned the objectives of his secret diplomacy and concluded an alliance with Austria.

Other Subject Areas

As a result, by France had lost to the British almost all her colonial possessions in North America and India. This privilege, which had been suspended by Louis XIVhad been restored to the Parlements during the regency.

The judicial magistrates had later consolidated their position as opponents of the crown by claiming, in the absence of the States General, to be defenders of the fundamental laws of the kingdom and by uniting the provincial Parlements in a close union with the Parlement of Paris.

In this manner they had overthrown the financial system of John Lawhad helped to procure the expulsion of the Jesuits inand had, for a time, disrupted the provincial administration of Brittany. The Parlements also stood resolutely in the way of financial reform.

The king died inhated as much as Louis XIV had been.the overthrow of King James II by William and Mary, it occurred with very little bloodshed, afterwards William and Mary ruled England together English Bill of Rights gave English citizens certain unalienable rights, and limited the power of the king; established power of the Parliament.

Nov 18,  · Mr. Richey introduces students to Louis XIV, the "Sun King" of France, and his creation of an absolute monarchy in France. Louis XIV's accomplishments are discussed within the context of his motto. I INTRODUCTION Louis XIV (), king of France (), known as the Sun King.

Louis, third monarch of the Bourbon family, ruled for 72 years, the longest reign in European history. Just a few years later, Louis XIII fell ill and died, and his young son became Louis XIV, King of France, at only four-and-a-half years old.

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Louis XIV | Facts, Accomplishments, & Children | leslutinsduphoenix.com

Introduction. Louis XIV (b. –d. ) was the longest reigning king in French history. His seventy-two years on the throne were a period of dramatic political, social, and cultural development as well as extraordinary turbulence.

Louis XIV of France - Wikipedia Strong princes[ edit ] France was a very decentralised state during the Middle Ages. The authority of the king was more religious than administrative.
Louis XIV - HISTORY Throughout his long reign Louis XIV — never lost the hold over his people he had assumed at the beginning.
Keep Exploring Britannica Anne exiled some of her husband's ministers Chavigny, Bouthilierand she nominated Brienne as her minister of foreign affairs.
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Louis XIV | Facts, Accomplishments, & Children | leslutinsduphoenix.com His seventy-two years on the throne were a period of dramatic political, social, and cultural development as well as extraordinary turbulence. As a boy-king, he lived through the last decades of the Thirty Years War and the chaotic civil wars called the Fronde.

Louis XV, byname Louis the Well-Beloved, French Louis le Bien-Aimé, (born February 15, , Versailles, France—died May 10, , Versailles), king of France from to , whose ineffectual rule contributed to the decline of royal authority that led to the outbreak of the French Revolution in

Louis XIV, King of France - Renaissance and Reformation - Oxford Bibliographies