These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel Image copyright Reuters Gambling firms have been given a "call to action" over their attitude to consumer welfare in a new report published by the Gambling Commission. The report highlights the ways in which companies must protect gamblers and also stop money laundering. The regulator's boss Neil McArthur said not enough was being done. He told the BBC:
When we are on the road, however, irresponsible cell phone users are more than irritating: They are putting our lives at risk. Many of us have witnessed drivers so distracted by dialing and chatting that they resemble drunk drivers, weaving between lanes, for example, or nearly running down pedestrians in crosswalks.
A number of bills to regulate use of cell phones on the road have been introduced in state legislatures, and the time has come to push for their passage. Regulation is needed because drivers using phones are seriously impaired and because laws on negligent and reckless driving are not sufficient to punish offenders.
No one can deny that cell phones have caused traffic deaths and injuries. Cell phones were implicated in three fatal accidents in November alone.
Early in November, two-year-old Morgan Pena was killed by a driver distracted by his cell phone. Morgan's mother, Patti Pena, reports that the driver "ran a stop sign at 45 mph, broadsided my vehicle and killed Morgan as she sat in her car seat.
On Thanksgiving weekend that same month, John and Carole Hall were killed when a Naval Academy midshipman crashed into their parked car. The driver said in court that when he looked up from the cell phone he was dial- ing, he was three feet from the car and had no time to stop Stockwell B8.
Expert testimony, public opinion, and even cartoons sug- gest that driving while phoning is dangerous. Frances Bents, an expert on the relation between cell phones and accidents, esti- mates that between and 1, crashes a year have some connection to cell phone use Layton C9.
Many cartoons have depicted the very real dangers of driving while distracted see Fig.
Scientific research confirms the dangers of using phones while on the road. In an important study appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine. The authors, Donald Redelmeier and Robert Tibshirani, studied volunteers who made their cell phone bills available in order to confirm the times when they had placed calls.
The participants agreed to report any nonfatal collision in which they were involved. By comparing the time of a collision with the phone records, the researchers assessed the dangers of driving while phoning.
The results are unsettling: We found that using a cellular telephone was associ- ated with a risk of having a motor vehicle collision that was about four times as high as that among the same drivers when they were not using their cellular telephones.
This relative risk is similar to the hazard associated with driving with a blood alcohol level at the legal limit. A study focused on Oklahoma, one of the few states to keep records on fatal accidents involving cell phones. Using police records, John M. Violanti of the Rochester Institute of Technology investigated the relation between traffic fatalities in Oklahoma and the use or presence of a cell phone.
He found a ninefold increase in the risk of fatality if a phone was being used and a doubled risk simply when a phone was present in a vehicle The latter statistic is interesting, for it suggests that those who carry phones in their cars may tend to be more negligent or prone to distrac- tions of all kinds than those who do not.
Some groups have argued that state traffic laws make legislation regulating cell phone use unnecessary. Sadly, this is not true. Laws on traffic safety vary from state to state, and drivers distracted by cell phones can get off with light punishment even when.Federal Communications Commission.
laws make legislation regulating cell phone use un-necessary. Sadly, this is not true. Laws on traffic safety vary from state to state, and drivers dis-Summary begins with a signal phrase naming the author and ends with page numbers in parentheses.
Daly counters an opposing argument.
If you value this and other texts on this website, please do not copy except for private use ("fair use"). For this edition I have added a considerable number of footnotes, denoted by "-JHP.". Oneida County Clean Waters Action, protecting lakes, wetlands, rivers, clean air.
Preserving our natural environment. Monitoring state and local elected officials for their environmental actions. MLA Research Paper (Daly) Daly 1 Angela Daly Professor Chavez English 14 March XXXX A Call to Action: Title is centered. Regulate Use of Cell Phones on the Road.
A Call to Action: Regulate Use of Cell Phones on the Road When a cell phone goes off in a classroom or at a concert, we are irritated, but at least our lives are not endangered.
When we Sample MLA Formatted Paper. Source: Diana Hacker (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, ).